10 Top Tips : How To Take A Great Photo of Your Dog
With the growth of social media accounts for dogs, we’ve been getting lots of questions on how to take a great dog photo.
Awesome Pawsome Pet Photography’s Trish Aleve gave us her 10 top tips on how to take great dog photos, with the help of her gorgeous chihuahua Buster, the Zoolander of Dogs.
1) Understand Your Camera
I use my iPhone 6S or a good point and shoot myself but Sara (The Super Collies), Dryver, Colleen, Aria and Trish, who have all worked with us and love dogs, have DSL cameras with multiple lenses and adjustable controls that allow them to get incredible photos, especially indoors or action.
It is important to understand a few camera basics in order to properly capture our pooches. We are going to examine Shutter Speed, Aperture, and ISO.
The Shutter is the device the controls the duration of the photograph’s exposure. The camera’s Shutter Speed, is simply the speed at which the shutter moves. The slower the shutter speed, the longer the shutter is open, which can result in moving objects that appear blurry on your picture. The faster the shutter speed, the less time the shutter is open. A fast shutter speed can ‘freeze’ moving objects in photos. Fast shutter speeds are used for sports and action.
The Aperture is the size of the hole in the lens. The bigger the hole, the larger the aperture, the more light that is let in. The smaller the hole, the smaller the aperture, and less light is let in. This is measured in “f stop”. A “1.8 f stop” is a large aperture and a “22 f stop” is a small aperture. Aperture also relates to how much of the photo is in focus. F/1.8 would have very narrow depth of field, whereas f/22 would have almost all of photo in focus.
ISO is the speed that light hits the sensor. Low ISO will record light slower than a high ISO. The higher the ISO the more “noise” or grain will be present.
Understanding these three camera basics will help you decide on what settings to use when. Play with your camera to get to know it better.
2) Choosing a Location
Now you must choose where to take the picture or pictures. Think about what you want the pictures for. Are you framing a portrait for an occasion like Christmas or building your dog’s profile and influence on social media? Do you want to show your dog in action on the Lure or Agility Course or doing a trick?
Select different settings to keep it interesting if you are doing a series but keep your style consistent. Aria’s beautiful photos of Beau are very consistent in style and colours on his instagram @tinkerbeaubeau.
If shooting outdoors, consider locations like the beach, a park, a forest, and in the city. Sara Carson recently posted some stunning shots of the Super Collies having fun hiking. Our friend Jessica from You Did What With Your Wiener has some incredible shots of her dogs hiking and beautiful scenery. Mr N the Tenacious Terrier has been posting some adorable pics travelling around lately and Emma from MY GBGV Life always has incredibly creative photos and scenes, often complete with costumes. Graffiti or street art can make for an interesting backdrop as my friend Bernard from Dog and His Boy has shown on Instagram and I just saw an amazing series of photos in black and white of stray cats in Europe.
If you are not doing a single portrait or focused on just your dog for Instagram, consider adding in doggy or human friends, or other animals or maybe a costume – Taylor’s beautiful photos and videos of her two dogs hugging went viral and Doug the Pug is a master of great settings and social commentary through photos.
On Instagram, I have noticed celeb dogs like Iggy Joey, Pom Pom Chewy, Kimchi the Corgi or Mr Marcel often collaborate to create even more interest.
Photos of dogs and kids can be very heartwarming.
For indoor shots try to use a place that is uncluttered. You can also make your own backdrop by hanging sheets or a blanket. Don’t forget to add in some bright colours that can make your photo pop. Remember green or white may reflect and spots and busy patterns can be tricky. Plain white can either look amazing if well lit or really dull.
3) Things to Keep in Mind about Lighting
Different lighting conditions need different camera considerations.
For shooting Outdoors: Overcast skies provide the most even light, and gentle shadows, while sunny days produce harsh light, and heavy shadows. Shooting with the sun behind you provides good lighting, whereas backlight (shooting towards the sun or other light source) can be more difficult producing flare, and lack of details in your subject. Avoid mid-day photography, and keep in mind morning and evening light can produce a nice warm hue – great for your morning and evening walkies!
Indoors: Try to use camera settings, and the light from windows and lights. If you have an external flash/light, try bouncing it off walls or the ceiling to diffuse it or using a filter. You may need to use the flash, but you may get devil eyes.
4) Depth of Field and Focus
Before you take your picture, consider both your depth of field, and point of focus. Do you want your entire dog in focus, or just part of the dog? Do you want the background blurred or in focus? Determine before you push the shutter button what you would like to accomplish, and what you would like to emphasize. Usually, you will want to ensure your dog’s eyes are in focus – unless you are purposely trying to emphasize another body part such as a nose or paw.
Consider your composition carefully. Always strive for simplicity — uncluttered backgrounds. Where will you put the main subject into the frame? On the right or left? Top or bottom? How much environment do you want to include? A fun way to get some random pics it to shoot from the hip (or ankle if you have a small dog).
6) Be Mindful of Perspective
Dogs are generally shorter than humans. Get down to dog level, and look your dog in the eye. Pictures taken from a standing position, looking down, can prove to be less interesting much of the time. So for small dogs, this may mean getting down on your hands and knees, or even your stomach. And if you are adventuresome, you can attempt ‘shooting from the hip’ technique.
7) Capture your Dog’s Personality
Convey what you dog is about, and what they like. Are they lazy, or maybe like to sleep, then take photos of them napping in a variety of positions/spots? Do they love to play, then take some photos of them enjoying their favourite toy? Do they like to run, then try your hand at some action photography and panning?
8) Colour of your Dog
Think about the colour of your pet and what will make them stand out for example Kilo the Pug is black and his eyes are dark brown so he looks better on a lighter background indoors or in green grass or beside the blue lake. A white dog can easily end up with the dog being overexposed in the photo or background underexposed. A black dog can end up with dog underexposed, or the background overexposed and no eyes. Also, solid dogs with no markings can be difficult to bring out the details. This is where the right backgrounds, proper lighting, or artificial lighting, and fiddling to get the right exposure can come in handy.
9) Capturing Action Shots
Have some fun getting you dogs in action! Practice lots – you can always delete them! Remember: faster shutter speeds will ‘freeze’ the dog, where slower ones will show movement. Try out different things: pan the camera as the dog runs in front of you, or have your dog run towards the camera. My iPhone now has a way to keep snapping fast so I get a bunch of shots and pick the best.
10) How to make your dog smile, especially if your dog is shy:
Get your dog active and moving as panting will look like a lot like smiling to the camera. Other tricks of having your dog convey human emotions: catch them in a yawn (angry), of putting their head down (sad), etc.
I also put peanut butter on the end of a wooden spoon and give Kilo a tiny lick to get smiles and tongue out or talking.
Make it a positive experience- Kilo’s mouth waters and he gets his Blue Steel look going and starts posing when he sees a camera now. Reward you dog lots with treats, praise or toys. Let them sniff your camera, hear the noises they make, and see what the flash is like if you use one. Give the dog enough time to get used to the camera.
Be mindful of never directing the flash towards a pup’s eyes.
Remember, basic obedience training and a few cute tricks like sit pretty and hold and wave will go a long way taking photos.
If you lack confidence in your dog’s training, bone up with one of our featured Canadian trainers listed here or our training posts like How to Teach Sit Pretty with Taylor Lottie and Grizzly.. Always have fun, and practice, practice, practice! Work on your dog’s timeline and plans…not yours. If you don’t make it fun for the dog, they will not look forward to pics.
Always ensure safety for both your dog and yourself.
Visit Pawsome Pet Photography for more information.